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Total cost of ownership

From a sustainability standpoint, total cost of ownership is consideration of the entire cost of the product as part of sourcing, from purchase to final disposal. This includes

● Acquisition costs—Costs related to raw materials, purchase planning, quality, taxes, purchase price, and financing

● Ownership costs—Costs related to energy use, maintenance and repair, financing, and supply chain/supply network

● Post-ownership costs—Costs related to disposal, environment, warranty, product liability, and customer service/customer dissatisfaction.

Total cost of ownership

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